Amaravati Stupa: Amaravati sculpture is well known for being one of the finest examples of Satavahana dynasty in Andhra region. This southern part of India has prominent mark of Satavahana rule in the country from 2nd century to 3rd century. Amaravati Stupa is one such monument to thrive the sculpture heritage of Andhra region.
This Buddha stupa at Amaravathi is a famous specimen of the Buddhist art and architecture from ancient India. Also, this Amravati Buddha Stupa dates back around 2000 years resemble the Sanchi Stupa. This Amaravati Stupa is well known as the Mahastupa or Deepaladinne made by a representative of Emperor Ashoka.
The Amravati Stupa represents the Lord Buddha in many forms of sculptures and is made of brick and consists of a circular vedika. The Amaravati Stupa diameter crawls up to 90 feet which protrude in four directions. This Amaravathi Buddha Stupa can be accounted as the important specimen Of Mauryan architecture in South India. On the other hand, there are beautiful sculptures and carvings which construe Lord Buddha’s life and his incarnations from the Jataka tales. Fundamentally, these archaeological specimens of the Amaravati Stupa are related to the Vajrayana teachings of Kalachakra.
History of Amaravati Stupa:
The ancient Amaravati Stupa was begun back in 200 BC and has gone through several renovations and additions. Also, it claims to be one of the largest Buddhist stupas built in India with a diameter about 160 feet (50 m) and 90 to 100 feet (about 30 m) high. Yet, it has been largely destroyed during the 19th century by local contractors to make lime mortar. However, many surviving reliefs and decorative plaques are antiqued in the Madras Government Museum and the British Museum. The depiction on the railing slab hints the appearance of the stupa at the end of the 2nd-century.
Amaravati Buddha Stupa Architecture:
The Amaravati Buddhist Stupa at South India represents the Buddhist art with a low drum hemispherical dome, the railings and drum covered with carvings. The whole is surrounded by an elaborate and ornately carved railing. The groups of five pillars mark the four cardinal points and carved lion topped free-standing columns are set up at the four entrances. These symbolically replicate the toraṇa (ceremonial gateway) of earlier stupas.
Amaravati Stupa Location:
Amaravathi is connected with best roadways which is easily accessible. Visitors can reach from Vijayawada and other important cities in Andhra Pradesh. Amaravathi nearest airport is at Vijayawada and the nearest railway station is located at Guntur. Amravati is emerging capital of the newly formed Andhra Pradesh and also claims to have one of the largest Buddha statues.